The Catholic Church views human sexuality through the lens of faith and therefore always starts with the foundational principal of the value of every human person.
The teachings of the Church may at times be challenging, but are meant to provide a way to direct our living and not meant to be punitive in any way.
The societal view and the Catholic view of the human person often differ, but the dignity of the person should never be questioned. Here are the definitions of gender found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychological Association:
Gender Identity refers to each person’s internal and individual experience of gender. It is a person’s sense of being a woman, a man, both, neither, or anywhere along the gender spectrum. A person’s gender identity may be the same as, or different from, their birth-assigned sex. Gender identity is fundamentally different from a person’s sexual orientation.
Gender Expression refers to how a person publicly presents their gender. This can include behaviour and outward appearance such as dress, hair, make-up, body language and voice. A person’s chosen name and pronoun are also common ways of expressing gender.
Trans or Transgender is an umbrella term referring to people with diverse gender identities and expressions that differ from stereotypical gender norms. It includes, but is not limited to, people who identify as transgender, a trans woman, a transman, transsexual, crossdressers, or gender non-conforming, gender variant or gender queer.4 The term Cisgender is often used to denote those whose gender identity matches their birth-assigned sex.
Gender Dysphoria is the experience of feeling one’s emotional and psychological identity as male or female to be opposite to one’s biological sex, especially feelings of discontent or anxiety experienced by some persons resulting from gender.